Orthodontics is the practice of preventing and correcting irregular teeth by using braces. Teeth that grow in crooked or out of line can be embarrassing as well as potentially hazardous to your dental health. Therefore, it is important to get them straightened out.
Braces are used structurally to straighten and align teeth that are crooked or crowding, or if the patient has an overbite, under bite, cross bite, or other structural flaws. The traditional braces generally consist of brackets and wiring that are attached to the teeth and tightened over a period of time to pull them slowly (usually taking 2 to 3 years) to their desired location.
A great innovation from advances in orthodontics is Clear Aligner Therapy, or invisible braces. Although they are called braces, these clear plastic molds more closely resemble retainers. With their different structure and technique, they can only be used to cure mild to moderate cases of crowding and misalignment. With invisible braces, the wearer can take them off at will, whereas traditional braces are permanent until the dentist removes them.