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What are the most common dental problems and tooth diseases?

Having dental problems is pretty common, no matter where you go on this planet. Many of us suffer from different kinds of tooth diseases and dental problems, and the person usually at fault is nobody but ourselves. We are the ones who must take care of our teeth, and it is no one else’s responsibility. Although the dentist can help us make our teeth look clean and healthy, we are the ones who are charged with taking care of them every day. 

But some people tend to take their teeth for granted and suffer afterward because of it. They do not go to the dentist for regular checkups. Plus, they forget to brush and floss their teeth from time to time. So it is no surprise that their teeth will cause them problems sooner or later!

Our teeth are sensitive. They need care and attention, just like how we take care of the rest of our body parts. We use them every single day, all of the time, in every situation, so we have to give them what they need to stay healthy. 

Truth be told, even if we do clean them, brush them, floss them, and rinse them every day, our efforts might not be enough because we still experience a few oral problems. It may be because of the food we eat, the diets we follow, the routines we do, or maybe because our teeth are getting old. Whatever the reason, we should always go to the dentist if we notice any problems.

But how would we know if there is a problem with our teeth? And what should we do about it? 

Learn what you need to know about some of the most common dental problems or diseases that you’ll encounter, and what you should do when you are suffering from the list below.

1. Cavities/Tooth Decay

Cavities are the result of tooth decay, and tooth decay is the result of a damaged tooth. A damaged tooth usually has holes in its surface area, and if not treated, it will lead to other problems like toothache, infection, and tooth loss. And the culprit behind tooth decay? It’s the bacteria that come with the food we eat and drink that are usually rich in sugar and starch, which are acidic enough to attack the minerals of our tooth enamel.

2. Bad breath

This kind of problem can be embarrassing, but having bad breath is pretty common. The possible causes usually stem from the lifestyle we live and the habits we practice. The foods that we eat can also affect how our breath smells. Foods that can cause bad breath include onions and garlic. Also, using tobacco products like cigarettes can cause unpleasant mouth odor, so try to avoid these.

3. Gum Disease

Gum disease is common to adults, and if not treated as soon as possible, it might lead to Gingivitis, or worse, Periodontal Disease. Plaque build-up is usually the reason for this, but other factors can affect it like hormonal changes during pregnancy, puberty, menopause and menstruation period, illnesses such as cancer or HIV, diabetes, smoking, and lack of oral hygiene. The symptoms for this are bleeding of the gums after tooth brushing, bad breath, swollen and tender gums, and some loose teeth. The symptoms are usually painless and unnoticeable, so consider visiting your dentist.

4. Tooth Crowding

Tooth crowding or Malocclusion is a hereditary condition that happens when there is a deficient amount of space for all the teeth to fit properly inside the mouth. It not only affects a person’s appearance, but it can also cause jaw alignment issues or Temporomandibular Jaw Disorder (TMJ), if not treated properly. Braces are one of the basic treatments for this problem. For more severe cases, orthodontists might suggest the removal of some teeth so another tooth can have space.

5. Root Infection

Root infections are one of the most painful, annoying, and serious dental problems you’ll ever experience. This type of infection happens when the root part of your tooth is infected with bacteria that attacks the inside tissue of the tooth. But treating this is not as painful as when you are enduring it. The dentist will give anesthesia to the patient before doing the procedure.

6. Tooth Loss

There are several reasons why you have a missing tooth. Gum disease, cavities, poor eating habits, lack of oral hygiene, and accidents are just a few of the many reasons. A balanced diet and regular brushing of your teeth are helpful in preventing tooth loss. Although you can’t fully prevent tooth loss from happening, good oral hygiene will help lower the chances. So always avoid doing things that can harm your teeth, like eating foods that promote cavities, grinding teeth, and poor hygiene.

7. Oral Cancer

This type of cancer is considered to be a life-threatening dental problem if not diagnosed properly. The symptoms appear as a sore inside your mouth that does not go away, unexplained bleeding in your mouth, trouble in chewing, constant sore throat, ear pain, and weight loss. It is commonly caused by smoking and drinking. So contact your dentist and do a regular checkup when you notice any disturbing changes.

To prevent any dental problems or oral disease, always maintain good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and a healthy lifestyle. Regular brushing and thoroughly taking care of your teeth does not only keep it clean and healthy, but it also keeps you away from paying a lot for the cost of damage to your teeth. 

If you notice any unfamiliar changes with your dental health, it is advisable to contact and visit your dentist. Do not ignore even the smallest changes as these can lead to bigger problems, so act fast to prevent things from getting worse. After all, you are the one responsible for anything that will happen to your teeth. So stay healthy and maintain your clean, white smile.

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